The front end of the web application includes the graphical user interface that users see, experience, and interact with. On the other hand, the backend of the web application includes – a database, a server, and an application. An enterprise has to deploy frontend web developers to make the website’s user-facing side appealing and interactive. At the same time, it also needs to deploy skilled backend web developers to drive and power the website’s user-facing side by leveraging and maintaining the backend components.
The term full stack is not an acronym of any web technologies or web frameworks. On the other hand, MEAN stack is the acronym of its four core components – MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS, and NodeJS. MongoDB is a widely used non-relational database with the capability to handle large volumes of data and facilitate cloud-based deployment. AngularJS is a robust frontend framework that enables developers to express various components of the website by extending HTML syntax. It even simplifies development of large and complex web applications by supporting model-view-controller (MVC) architectural pattern and two-way data binding.
MEAN stack requires developers to work with a single database – MongoDB. MongoDB is a non-relational or NoSQL database. Unlike relational databases, it does not store data in tables. It features a document-based data model and uses a document-based query model. Many web developers nowadays prefer MongoDB to relational databases to scale and secure data easily. Full stack web development, on the other hand, allows developers to work with an array of relational and non-relational databases. In addition to MongoDB, the web developers can also use MySQL, SQL Server, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and SQLi. However, they still need to decide the database according to the server-side programming language.
MEAN stack consists of frontend and backend web frameworks. It enables developers to accelerate frontend web development by leveraging AngularJS. The developers even have the option to replace AngularJS with ReactJS or Ember.js. Likewise, the developers can accelerate server-side web development by leveraging NodeJS and Expres.js. These components form a robust web development platform that enables programmers to build websites without using additional web frameworks. On the other hand, full stack development approach enables programmers to works with varied frontend and backend web frameworks. The developers even have option to choose from a wide range of full-stack web frameworks according to their choice of programming language and precise project needs.